The situation - and the
focus of this paper
Old-fashioned medicine was stating, that myopia is rare and exclusively inherited, and to prescribe glasses is all what you can do, and that the prevention of myopia or the prevention of the progression of myopia (or of a resulting blindness) is not possible.
Today, however, very many people are becoming myopic without myopic parents or grandparents. On the other hand, the life of today is very much different from the life in the past - just to mention the changed environment at work and the changed nutrition.
The idea, to find just one mechanism for myopia and to solve this problem once and forever sounds very tempting, and quite some authors are giving the impression that they are very close to this target, and that most of the promoters of other theories and observations are wrong.
It is by far more likely, however, that all of them are right in the very specific view of their experiments and experiences, because various different - and overlapping - mechanisms towards myopia are obviously existing.
According to this view the main results which were reported by researchers and practitioners for prevention and treatment of myopia are outlined in this paper in a very unbiased and neutral way (making it a short encyclopedia of myopia), and only in a separate chapter it is tried to find some common patterns for these results.
Additionally, some practical hints about various subjects, which are related to myopia are included, as well as resulting overall recommendations.
About the author Klaus Schmid
I am a physicist by education and became interested in myopia because of the severe shortsighted-ness of my children – without myopic ancestors. I started to collect information to help them, and finally wanted to share all this material with everybody who is affected by the problem of myopia. A special motivation was also the experience from my "professional life" that really neutral and unbiased views are rather rare, but highly demanded by the "clients". As a consequence, this paper is intended to be as neutral and unbiased as possible and rather complete.
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